Credit Score Migration White Paper

Date: March 24, 2016

A key question for lenders using credit scores is: How will future events impact a consumer’s credit score? An obvious concern is that the consumer was approved for credit given their score exceeded the lender cut-off at the time of evaluation, but may fall below the cut-off soon after the evaluation time. Lenders are also interested in the number of consumers who fail to obtain credit because their scores fall below a lender’s minimum, but then improve their credit scores to a level greater than the lender’s minimum either 3 or 12 months later.

This study analyzes consumer score migration. Two million consumers were randomly selected from the Experian Credit Bureau database. Their credit scores were determined every quarter during a two-year period between 2011 and 2013. Score changes were evaluated to determine the following insights:

  • How stable or volatile are consumer credit scores?

  • How do credit scores change over a 3-month and 12-month period?

  • For consumers who fail a score cut-off, what percentage of those consumers experience score improvements such that they would pass the cut-off at some point in the future?

  • Conversely, what percentage of consumers who pass a cut-off subsequently exhibit deterioration in their credit score?

  • What is the true risk implication of typical score changes over a 24-month period?

More Insights & Resources

See all the performance data and insights on VantageScore’s advantage in the credit card industry.

Next Arrow