Third Party Study: The Lenders Have Spoken Loud and Clear
Research Shows Widespread Use of VantageScore Credit Scores by Major Lenders for Credit Decisions
Consulting Firm Oliver Wyman Confirms VantageScore Credit Scores Were Used Across the Entire Lifecycle of Consumer Lending Excluding the Mortgage Sector
STAMFORD, Conn., January 10, 2018 – VantageScore Solutions, LLC, developer of the VantageScore® credit scoring models, today released the results of a study from Oliver Wyman, a global leader in management consulting, that examined the extent to which VantageScore credit scores were used by market participants.
The study reviewed a 12-month time period between July 2016 and June 2017, and examined the usage of VantageScore credit scores based on two dimensions: (1) usage by market participant type (i.e., credit card issuer, auto lender, institutional investor, direct-to-consumer websites, etc.), and (2) usage by function (i.e., pre-screen, origination/underwriting, portfolio management, consumer disclosure/credit monitoring).
Oliver Wyman’s findings dispel the misconception that the increase in the use of VantageScore credit scores is being driven principally by providing consumers with free VantageScore credit scores for credit monitoring purposes.
While providing free credit scores to consumers is an area of the market that VantageScore is proud to have helped pioneer, the report found almost 75 percent of the more than 8.5 billion VantageScore credit scores used during the research time period were used by lenders.
“Credit scores have evolved from an instrument used behind the curtain to help lenders automate underwriting into a ubiquitous consumer tool, which is why we are particularly pleased to provide a greater amount of information about where and how VantageScore credit scores are being used,” said Barrett Burns, president and CEO of VantageScore Solutions. “This report underscores that lenders support competition, and use VantageScore for credit decisions together alongside many other different types of data and other models. The wide industry usage of VantageScore also speaks to the depth of lender testing of VantageScore, which is an indication that competition is raising the bar for all model developers to build more predictive and inclusive credit scoring models.”
The Oliver Wyman report found that industry usage of the VantageScore model is widespread. Among the findings were that:
- There are more than 2,700 unique users of VantageScore credit scores.
- Overall, more than 2,200 financial institutions used more than 6 billion VantageScore credit scores.
- Consumer and personal lenders, many of which are so-called “marketplace lenders,” used a total of approximately 750 million VantageScore credit scores.
- The non-lender category, such as tenant screening, telecommunications, and utility companies, accounted for more than 750 million of the VantageScore credit scores used.
- VantageScore is a data point used by investment firms as part of their investment decision-making (i.e., to analyze bonds backed by pools of loans for stress testing and valuation purposes).
Oliver Wyman found that credit card issuers were by far the largest users of VantageScore credit scores. The report found that:
- Of the 6.4 billion VantageScore credit scores used by financial institutions, credit card issuers used approximately 4.9 billion.
- Among credit card issuers, pre-screening and portfolio management (e.g., credit line increase/decrease decisions, risk assessment of portfolio, loss forecasting, etc.) represented the largest volume of uses.
“Lenders use credit scores in many different ways, often together with other inputs, including other credit scoring models. Our study confirms that VantageScore credit scores were used in significant volumes, throughout the entire lifecycle of consumer lending and across every relevant category except mortgage originations,” said Peter Carroll, a partner at Oliver Wyman. “We found a significant number of credit scores used specifically in the origination of new loans, which contradicts the idea that lenders use only one brand of credit score to make lending decisions.”